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Growing Body of Evidence Supports Quantum Criticality Theory

Growing Body of Evidence Supports Quantum Criticality Theory

A new study by a team of physicists at Rice University, Zhejiang University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Florida State University and the Max Planck Institute adds to the growing body of evidence supporting a theory that strange electronic behaviors -- including high-temperature superconductivity and heavy fermion physics -- arise from quantum fluctuations of strongly correlated electrons. [More]
New Design Extends Superposition Time of Qubit a Hundredfold

New Design Extends Superposition Time of Qubit a Hundredfold

Quantum computers are experimental devices that promise exponential speedups on some computational problems. Where a bit in a classical computer can represent either a 0 or a 1, a quantum bit, or qubit, can represent 0 and 1 simultaneously, letting quantum computers explore multiple problem solutions in parallel. But such “superpositions” of quantum states are, in practice, difficult to maintain. [More]
Researchers Produce Möbius Strips from Polarization of Light

Researchers Produce Möbius Strips from Polarization of Light

A collaboration between researchers from Canada, Europe, and the United States has experimentally produced Möbius strips from the polarization of light, confirming a theoretical prediction that it is possible for light’s electromagnetic field to assume this peculiar shape. [More]
Quantum Chemical Calculations May Help Produce Future Cancer Drugs

Quantum Chemical Calculations May Help Produce Future Cancer Drugs

Quantum chemical calculations have been used to solve big mysteries in space. Soon the same calculations may be used to produce tomorrow’s cancer drugs. [More]
Hubble Presents Striking View of Galaxy NGC 7714's Smoke-Ring-Like Structure

Hubble Presents Striking View of Galaxy NGC 7714's Smoke-Ring-Like Structure

This NASA Hubble Space Telescope photo of NGC 7714 presents an especially striking view of the galaxy's smoke-ring-like structure. The golden loop is made of Sun-like stars that have been pulled deep into space, far from the galaxy's center. The galaxy is located approximately 100 million light-years from Earth in the direction of the constellation Pisces. [More]
Proposed New Fundamental Particle Could Explain Why Dark Matter Has Not Been Detected

Proposed New Fundamental Particle Could Explain Why Dark Matter Has Not Been Detected

Researchers at the University of Southampton have proposed a new fundamental particle which could explain why no one has managed to detect 'Dark Matter', the elusive missing 85 per cent of the Universe's mass. [More]
ESF's Report on Foresight Activity on Research in Quantum Biology Presented in Brussels

ESF's Report on Foresight Activity on Research in Quantum Biology Presented in Brussels

The scientific community represented by about forty researchers and officials from research funding organisations gathered in Brussels on 23 January 2015 to present the outcomes of the European Science Foundation's (ESF) Foresight Activity on Research in Quantum Biology (FarQBio). [More]
Hubble Captures Striking View of Spiral Galaxy NGC 7714

Hubble Captures Striking View of Spiral Galaxy NGC 7714

The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has captured this striking view of spiral galaxy NGC 7714. This galaxy has drifted too close to another nearby galaxy and the dramatic interaction has twisted its spiral arms out of shape, dragged streams of material out into space, and triggered bright bursts of star formation. [More]
New 3-D Map of Cas A Supernova Remnant’s Interior

New 3-D Map of Cas A Supernova Remnant’s Interior

Cassiopeia A, or Cas A for short, is one of the most well studied supernova remnants in our galaxy. But it still holds major surprises. Harvard-Smithsonian and Dartmouth College astronomers have generated a new 3-D map of its interior using the astronomical equivalent of a CAT scan. They found that the Cas A supernova remnant is composed of a collection of about a half dozen massive cavities - or "bubbles." [More]
Construction Begins for JUNO Neutrino Experiment

Construction Begins for JUNO Neutrino Experiment

The construction of the facilities for the JUNO neutrino experiment has been initiated with an official groundbreaking ceremony near the south Chinese city of Jiangmen. [More]
Novel Technique to Extend Storage Time of Quantum Memories

Novel Technique to Extend Storage Time of Quantum Memories

The idea of computing systems based on controlling atomic spins just got a boost from new research performed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory. [More]
Researchers Engineer Quantum State Sensitive to the Lorentz-Violating Effects

Researchers Engineer Quantum State Sensitive to the Lorentz-Violating Effects

Ever since Einstein proposed his special theory of relativity in 1905, physics and cosmology have been based on the assumption that space looks the same in all directions - that it's not squeezed in one direction relative to another. [More]
New X-ray Polarimeter to Study Black Holes and Neutron Stars

New X-ray Polarimeter to Study Black Holes and Neutron Stars

What are the high-energy processes in the Universe that occur in the immediate vicinity of a black hole? To study a question like this one cannot simply utilize a high-resolution telescope. Even with the best available telescopes, it is difficult or even impossible to directly resolve the regions of interest and the energies emitted from such objects extend to much higher energies, e.g. X-rays. [More]
Scientists Review Recent Discoveries in Iron-Based High Transition Temperature Superconductors

Scientists Review Recent Discoveries in Iron-Based High Transition Temperature Superconductors

Superconductivity is a remarkable macroscopic quantum phenomenon, discovered just over a century ago. As temperature decreases to below a critical value, the electric resistance of a superconductor vanishes and the magnetic field is repelled. Superconductors have many applications, and can be used to transport electricity without loss of energy. Conventional superconductivity is explained by the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory, posited more than five decades ago. [More]
Researchers Collaborate to Create New Materials with Quantum Effects

Researchers Collaborate to Create New Materials with Quantum Effects

Collaboration in a project to create a catalog of different materials and combining them to obtain a metamaterial (artificial material) with the desired characteristics. [More]

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