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Probing Galaxy's Halo Provides New Insights into Galaxy's Formation, Evolution, and Composition

Probing Galaxy's Halo Provides New Insights into Galaxy's Formation, Evolution, and Composition

Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have probed the extreme outskirts of the stunning elliptical galaxy Centaurus A. The galaxy's halo of stars has been found to extend much further from the galaxy's centre than expected and the stars within this halo seem to be surprisingly rich in heavy elements. This is the most remote portion of an elliptical galaxy ever to have been explored. [More]
Theorists Propose New Method of Amplifying Power of Vacuum Fluctuations

Theorists Propose New Method of Amplifying Power of Vacuum Fluctuations

Vacuum is not as empty as one might think. In fact, empty space is a bubbling soup of various virtual particles popping in and out of existence – a phenomenon called "vacuum fluctuations". Usually, such extremely short-lived particles remain completely unnoticed, but in certain cases vacuum forces can have a measurable effect. [More]
Innovative Laser May Play Crucial Role in Quantum Computer Development

Innovative Laser May Play Crucial Role in Quantum Computer Development

Dartmouth scientists and their colleagues have devised a breakthrough laser that uses a single artificial atom to generate and emit particles of light. The laser may play a crucial role in the development of quantum computers, which are predicted to eventually outperform today's most powerful supercomputers. [More]
The SuperCDMS-SNOLAB Project Selected to Search for Dark Matter

The SuperCDMS-SNOLAB Project Selected to Search for Dark Matter

The SuperCDMS-SNOLAB project has been selected by U.S. funding agencies in the second generation (G2) program to search for “dark matter.” This means that the SuperCDMS experiment will be expanding to SNOLAB, Canada’s underground science laboratory specializing in neutrino and dark matter physics in Sudbury, Ontario. [More]
Study Results Offer Clue to Why Superconductivity Doesn’t Happen at Higher Temperatures

Study Results Offer Clue to Why Superconductivity Doesn’t Happen at Higher Temperatures

A team at Cornell and Brookhaven National Laboratory has discovered that previously observed density waves that seem to suppress superconductivity are linked to an electronic “broken symmetry,” offering an important clue to why superconductivity doesn’t happen at higher temperatures. [More]
Novel Mechanism for How to Make Universal Topological Quantum Computers

Novel Mechanism for How to Make Universal Topological Quantum Computers

So far it exists mainly in theory, but if invented, the large-scale quantum computer would change computing forever. Rather than the classical data-encoding method using binary digits, a quantum computer would process information millions of times faster through the use of quantum states of matter. [More]
Transiting Exoplanet with Longest Known Year Discovered

Transiting Exoplanet with Longest Known Year Discovered

Astronomers have discovered a transiting exoplanet with the longest known year. Kepler-421b circles its star once every 704 days. In comparison, Mars orbits our Sun once every 780 days. Most of the 1,800-plus exoplanets discovered to date are much closer to their stars and have much shorter orbital periods. [More]
Stretching Carbine Changes it from a Metallic Conductor to an Insulator

Stretching Carbine Changes it from a Metallic Conductor to an Insulator

Applying just the right amount of tension to a chain of carbon atoms can turn it from a metallic conductor to an insulator, according to Rice University scientists. [More]
New, LUX-Zeplin Device to Boost Effectiveness of Original LUX Technology

New, LUX-Zeplin Device to Boost Effectiveness of Original LUX Technology

From the physics labs at Yale University to the bottom of a played-out gold mine in South Dakota, a new generation of dark matter experiments is ready to commence. [More]
Highly Charged Ions Hold Potential for Processing Quantum Information

Highly Charged Ions Hold Potential for Processing Quantum Information

The world is mostly neutral. That is, most of the atoms in our environment are electrically neutral. The number of electrons in the outer parts of atoms equals the number of protons at the centers of atoms. As one or more electrons are plucked away from the atoms, the remaining electrons feel a much stronger positive pull from the nucleus. [More]
Scientists Re-Create Conditions Deep Inside Giant Planets

Scientists Re-Create Conditions Deep Inside Giant Planets

Lawrence Livermore scientists for the first time have experimentally re-created the conditions that exist deep inside giant planets, such as Jupiter, Uranus and many of the planets recently discovered outside our solar system. [More]
New Finding Sheds Light on Microscopic Electron Motion in Molecules

New Finding Sheds Light on Microscopic Electron Motion in Molecules

Ultrafast X-ray laser research led by Kansas State University has provided scientists with a snapshot of a fundamental molecular phenomenon. The finding sheds new light on microscopic electron motion in molecules. [More]
OSIRIS Images Two-Part Shape of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

OSIRIS Images Two-Part Shape of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

As the European Space Agency's spacecraft Rosetta is slowly approaching its destination, comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the comet is again proving to be full of surprises. [More]
Researchers Observe Electrons Jumping Between Fragments of Exploding Molecules

Researchers Observe Electrons Jumping Between Fragments of Exploding Molecules

Using ultra-short X-ray flashes, an international team of researchers watched electrons jumping between the fragments of exploding molecules. [More]
DOE and NSF Select Second-Generation Dark Matter Experiments

DOE and NSF Select Second-Generation Dark Matter Experiments

Texas A&M University is involved in two of the three dark matter experiments -- including both of the ones searching for weakly interacting dark matter particles -- selected for future funding by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Science Foundation. [More]

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