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Rapid Tilting of Exoplanets Increases Possibility of Life

Rapid Tilting of Exoplanets Increases Possibility of Life

A fluctuating tilt in a planet's orbit does not preclude the possibility of life, according to new research by astronomers at the University of Washington, Utah's Weber State University and NASA. In fact, sometimes it helps. [More]
NESSI May Help Find Out More About Exoplanets

NESSI May Help Find Out More About Exoplanets

The New Mexico Exoplanet Spectroscopic Survey Instrument (NESSI) will soon get its first "taste" of exoplanets, helping astronomers decipher their chemical composition. Exoplanets are planets that orbit stars beyond our sun. [More]
Proposal to Study Sun-Like Stars Wins High Altitude Observatory’s Newkirk Fellowship

Proposal to Study Sun-Like Stars Wins High Altitude Observatory’s Newkirk Fellowship

Ricky Egeland had just passed an important milestone when he learned he had won a major fellowship to continue studying the sun. [More]
Earth-Size Planet Orbiting a Star in the ‘Habitable Zone’ Discovered

Earth-Size Planet Orbiting a Star in the ‘Habitable Zone’ Discovered

Using NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers have discovered the first Earth-size planet orbiting a star in the "habitable zone" -- the range of distance from a star where liquid water might pool on the surface of an orbiting planet. [More]
New Hubble Image Showcases Remarkable Cross-Section of the Universe

New Hubble Image Showcases Remarkable Cross-Section of the Universe

An image of a galaxy cluster taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope gives a remarkable cross-section of the Universe, showing objects at different distances and stages in cosmic history. [More]
Rochester Nuclear Physicist, Koltun, Dies at 80

Rochester Nuclear Physicist, Koltun, Dies at 80

Daniel S. Koltun, a professor emeritus of physics at the University of Rochester who made important contributions to the field of nuclear physics, died on April 9, 2014, in Haverford, Pa. He was 80. [More]
New Portrait of Gum 41 Hydrogen Cloud Created Using Data from WFI on MPG/ESO 2.2-Metre Telescope

New Portrait of Gum 41 Hydrogen Cloud Created Using Data from WFI on MPG/ESO 2.2-Metre Telescope

This new image from ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile reveals a cloud of hydrogen called Gum 41. In the middle of this little-known nebula, brilliant hot young stars are giving off energetic radiation that causes the surrounding hydrogen to glow with a characteristic red hue. [More]
Ultracold Neutrons Help Study Predicted Tiny Deviations from Pure Newtonian Gravity

Ultracold Neutrons Help Study Predicted Tiny Deviations from Pure Newtonian Gravity

All the particles we know to exist make up only about five per cent of the mass and energy of the universe. The rest – "Dark Matter" and "Dark Energy" – remains mysterious. A European collaboration lled by researchers from the Vienna University of Technology has now carried out extremely sensitive measurements of gravitational effects at very small distances at the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) in Grenoble. These experiments provide limits for possible new particles or fundamental forces, which are a hundred thousand times more restrictive than previous estimations. [More]
Shifts in Material's Atomic Lattice May Not Hinder Onset of Superconductivity

Shifts in Material's Atomic Lattice May Not Hinder Onset of Superconductivity

A new study pins down a major factor behind the appearance of superconductivity—the ability to conduct electricity with 100 percent efficiency—in a promising copper-oxide material. [More]
Physicists Present Study Results of Graphene-Based Quantum Superconductor-Metal Transition

Physicists Present Study Results of Graphene-Based Quantum Superconductor-Metal Transition

The article "Collapse of superconductivity in a hybrid tin–grapheme Josephson junction array'" (authors: Zheng Han, Adrien Allain, Hadi Arjmandi-Tash,Konstantin Tikhonov, Mikhail Feigelman, Benjamin Sacépé,Vincent Bouchiat, published in Nature Physics on March 30, 2014, DOI:10.1038/NPHYS2929) presents the results of the first experimental study of the graphene-based quantum phase transition of the "superconductor-to-metal" type, i.e. transformation of the system's ground state from superconducting to metallic, upon changing the electron concentration in graphene sheet. [More]
Yale Scientists Improve Energy Storage Time of Quantum Switches

Yale Scientists Improve Energy Storage Time of Quantum Switches

Scientists at Yale have confirmed a 50-year-old, previously untested theoretical prediction in physics and improved the energy storage time of a quantum switch by several orders of magnitude. They report their results in the April 17 issue of the journal Nature. [More]
Minor Planet Center Honors Seven Amateur Comet Discoverers with Edgar Wilson Awards

Minor Planet Center Honors Seven Amateur Comet Discoverers with Edgar Wilson Awards

The Minor Planet Center, located at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, Mass., has announced the recipients of the 2013 Edgar Wilson Award for the discovery of comets by amateurs. This is the fifteenth consecutive year that these Awards have been given. [More]
NASA to Host Teleconference on Kepler Space Telescope’s Latest Discovery

NASA to Host Teleconference on Kepler Space Telescope’s Latest Discovery

NASA will host a news teleconference at 11 a.m. PDT (2 p.m. EDT) Thursday, April 17, to announce a new discovery made by its planet-hunting mission, the Kepler Space Telescope. [More]
IBM Almaden Spintronics Researcher Honored with 2014 Millennium Technology Prize

IBM Almaden Spintronics Researcher Honored with 2014 Millennium Technology Prize

Professor Stuart Parkin of the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California, USA, received the 2014 Millennium Technology Prize for his contributions to interdisciplinary materials research. [More]
Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility Delivers its Highest-Energy Electron Beams

Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility Delivers its Highest-Energy Electron Beams

Late on April 1, the crown jewel of the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility ("Jefferson Lab") sparkled its way into a new era. Following an upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, the CEBAF accelerator delivered the highest-energy electron beams it has ever produced into a target in an experimental hall, recording the first data of the 12 GeV era. [More]

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