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HITS Astrophysicists Discover Dynamic Irregularities that Could Help Explain Supernovae Evolution

HITS Astrophysicists Discover Dynamic Irregularities that Could Help Explain Supernovae Evolution

HITS astrophysicists use new methods to simulate the common-envelope phase of binary stars, discovering dynamic irregularities that may help to explain how supernovae evolve. [More]
Researchers Reveal Detailed Structure of Massive Ionized Gas Outflow from Starburst Galaxy

Researchers Reveal Detailed Structure of Massive Ionized Gas Outflow from Starburst Galaxy

An international team led by a researcher from Hiroshima University has succeeded in revealing the detailed structure of a massive ionized gas outflow streaming from the starburst galaxy NGC 6240 (Figure 1). The team used the Suprime-Cam mounted on the 8.2-meter Subaru Telescope on Maunakea in Hawaii. [More]
New Findings may Lead to Theory of How Superconductivity Initiates at Atomic Level

New Findings may Lead to Theory of How Superconductivity Initiates at Atomic Level

New findings from an international collaboration led by Canadian scientists may eventually lead to a theory of how superconductivity initiates at the atomic level, a key step in understanding how to harness the potential of materials that could provide lossless energy storage, levitating trains and ultra-fast supercomputers. [More]
Evidence for New Astrophysical Source of Gamma Rays at Galactic Center

Evidence for New Astrophysical Source of Gamma Rays at Galactic Center

Contrary to the assumption that bursts of gamma rays emanating from our galaxy’s center are dark matter signals, it is now thought that they could be fast-rotating stars, known as millisecond pulsars, or other astrophysical phenomena, in accordance with the results of two recent studies. [More]
Scientists Use Newly Created Optical Attosecond Pulse to Capture Motion of Electrons in Krypton Atoms

Scientists Use Newly Created Optical Attosecond Pulse to Capture Motion of Electrons in Krypton Atoms

In the race to establish ever-faster electronics, light could play an important role. For instance, using light pulses of a precisely controlled waveform, physicists aim to switch electric currents in electronics circuits with light frequencies. [More]
Phosphine's Superconductivity under High Pressure Likely Arise Due to Chemical Decomposing

Phosphine's Superconductivity under High Pressure Likely Arise Due to Chemical Decomposing

Phosphine is one of the newest materials to be named a superconductor, a material through which electricity can flow with zero resistance. [More]
Cold Dust Found by ALMA May Provide Better Understanding of Protoplanetary Discs

Cold Dust Found by ALMA May Provide Better Understanding of Protoplanetary Discs

The international team, led by Stephane Guilloteau at the Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, France, measured the temperature of large dust grains around the young star 2MASS J16281370-2431391 in the spectacular Rho Ophiuchi star formation region, about 400 light-years from Earth. [More]
PPPL Research Team Begins Scientific Investigations on Fusion Energy

PPPL Research Team Begins Scientific Investigations on Fusion Energy

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), who collaborate with the Max Planck Institute in Germany on the Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) fusion energy reactor, congratulated the team for starting its scientific investigations on fusion energy by producing its first hydrogen plasma on Feb. 3. Hydrogen will provide the fuel necessary to create the energy in an eventual power plant. [More]
Coupling of Laser-Plasma Accelerators Paves Way for Ultrapowerful Compact Machines

Coupling of Laser-Plasma Accelerators Paves Way for Ultrapowerful Compact Machines

Laser-plasma accelerators (LPAs) are referred to as “tabletop” since, as exhibited by the novel BELLA accelerator at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), they can increase electron beams to multibillion electron-volt energies (GeVs) in a few centimeters — a distance several times shorter than conventional accelerators. [More]
Researchers Create First Self-Assembled Superconductor Structure

Researchers Create First Self-Assembled Superconductor Structure

A multidisciplinary team from Cornell have built a three-dimensional, self-assembled gyroidal superconductor based on their research of nearly over two decades. [More]